Problem Recognition, Definition, and Evaluation
The new project has been established with name Water Pre Treatment Package Project. The Project objectives are:
- To ensure there is no solid particles carry over from water well to WTP
- To increase potable water production capacity
- To reduce time for backwash activity
- To Prevent RO membranes damage due to contamination in its feed water
During FEL-0, Operation people defined that to achieve all of project objective above, we shall install pre-treatment unit at Upstream of WTP. We have selected WBS on the last 4 previous weeks and this time we will learn how to identify document that need to produce during Front End Loading.
Development of The Feasible Alternatives
Our company guidelines recommend a structured FEL (Front End Loaded) approach to project analysis that uses a process which is fundamentally the same for all the projects, regardless of size, type, or complexity. The important of FEL is to pre plan early (during front end of project) at the time when the ability to influence changes in design is relatively high and the cost to make changes is relatively low.
Figure 1. Front End Loading
Source: Ali, Nasir. (2013), Fundamental of Small Project Management.
Development of The Outcomes For Each Alternative
The goals of FEL are the following:
- Make the needs of the business the primary driver for capital project investment.
- Assign project responsibility to teams with multidisciplinary membership.
- Improve the capital productivity of projects by using the best available technology.
- Eliminate non-income-producing investment.
- Minimize changes during project execution.
Following are the FEL phase in the project’s lifecycle:
- Identify / FEL-0 : An opportunity is identified and a prospective project is initiated
- Appraise & Select / FEL-1 : The opportunity is optimized and the most appropriate and
cost-effective technical strategy to implement the opportunity is selected.
- Optimize / FEL-2 : All options are studied and one single option is optimized.
- Define / FEL-3 : Define, finalize, and freeze the project scope
Selection of Criteria
Scope of Work each stage are
FEL 1: Define study cases, viable alternatives, high-level Basis of Design (BOD) & high-level schedules, integrated Business Objectives Letter (BOL) and Project Objectives Letter (POL)
FEL 2: Select single technical and commercial concept with scope and Integrated BOD and Issue Projects Objective Letter
FEL 3: Fully define optimized concept
Analysis and Comparison of The Alternatives
For the normal process, the projects should pass all of these FEL phases. However, due to this project is categorized as small project so we will merge FEL-0, 1, and 2.
Selection of The Preferred Alternatives
Minimum deliverables that should be produced after FEL phase completion and before executing this project are
- Cost Estimate with accuracy -10% to +15%
- Project Schedule
- Order Long Lead Items
- Final PFD
- Updated P&ID
- List of Tie ins
- Preliminary Isometrics
- Preliminary Electrical and Instrument Drawings
- Process Hazard Analysis
- Approved POL
- Final Project HSE Plan
- Final Project Construction Plan
- Final Contracting Strategy
- Final Risk Management / Register
- Final Project Execution Plan
- Updated Quality Management Plan
- Final SIMOPS Plan
Completed PEER Assists
Performance Monitoring and Post-Evaluation of Results
Front End Loading (FEL) is one of the most significant drivers of project success. Well-defined projects cost less, take less time to execute, and operate better. Project teams should be make a checklist for above deliverables to ensure that all the documents have been completed prior execution.
Ali, Naseer. (2013), Fundamental of Small Project Management.
Humphreys, Gary C. (2002), Project Management Using Earned Value. 2nd ed., USA: Humphreys & Associates, Inc.
Sullivan, WG., Wicks, EM., Koelling, CP. (2012). Engineering Economy Fifteenth Edition P86-89.
Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/