W7_AFS_ Managing Small Project: NORSOK Standard Z-014 3D WBS

Problem Recognition, Definition, and Evaluation

The new project has been established with name Water Pre Treatment Package Project. The Project objectives are:

  1. To ensure there is no solid particles carry over from water well to WTP
  2. To increase potable water production capacity
  3. To reduce time for backwash activity
  4. To Prevent RO membranes damage due to contamination in its feed water

During FEL-0, Operation people defined that to achieve all of project objective above, we shall install pre-treatment unit at Upstream of WTP. This week blog, we will create NORSOK Standard Z-014 3D WBS as one of other alternative for this project

Development of The Feasible Alternatives

NORSOK Standard is a system for coding of cost and weight estimates and as-built/experience data which has been recognized as standard cost coding system (SCCS). It is developed by the three Norwegian Oil Companies Norsk Hydro, Saga Petrolium, and Statoil with purpose to standardize and specify cost coding system.

3D WBS is a theory that tell us that WBS includes three main dimension: the zones (GBS), the products (PBS), and the activity (ABS). The Fourth Dimension is the organization (OBS) which is extended from Resources (RBS). It was found by Jean-Yves Moine to establish all of the dimension into WBS and manage cost and time linked together.

Development of The Outcomes For Each Alternative

The NORSOK standard comprises 3 sets of complementary sub-coding system named:

  • PBS (Physical Breakdown Structures)
  • SAB (Standard Activity Breakdown)
  • COR (Code of Resources)

Selection of Criteria

The WBS includes the following characteristic:

  1. Is Product-oriented
  2. Includes all work
  3. Support historical cost collection for future cost estimating purposes

Analysis and Comparison of The Alternatives

The Following will be used for WBS development:

  1. The WBS should represent the complete list of deliverables for the project
  2. Deliverables should be decomposed to the level of detail needed to estimate the effort required to obtain them
  3. Ensure That each WBS element has a single point of accountability
  4. All significant reporting events (such as review meetings and monthly status report) should be included in the WBS
  5. WBS development is critical to scope management. Revisit the WBS often and expect to iterate its development
  6. Keep a list of activities that are out of scope. Confirm scope with stakeholders often by reviewing the WBS and the list.
  7. All Projects require a project management WBS element to ensure that the work of planning, tracking, and reporting is managed

Selection of The Preferred Alternatives

We will try to create 3D WBS with using NORSOK Standard as reference.

The physical breakdown structure (PBS)

Fig 1 Physical breakdown structure Or Product Breakdown Structure in 3D WBS

SAB – Standard Activity Breakdown

Fig 2 Standard Activity Breakdown Or Activity Breakdown Structure in 3D WBS

COR – code of resource

Fig 3 Code of Resource

We are need one more dimension to make 3D WBS. So, we make one more WBS which is not defined on NORSOK that explain the area of work.

Fig 4 Area or Geographical Breakdown Structure

Performance Monitoring and Post-Evaluation of Results

NORSOK Standard Z-014 is giving us more detail and valuable WBS that can help project team to develop better cost and schedule. It is classifying the WBS into 3 sub code PBS, SAP, COR. We will compare all of the WBS alternatives with using Multiattributes decision Method on the following blogs.


Norsok Standard (2012), Standard Cost Coding System. Retrieved from


Moine, Jean-Yves. (2012) OMNICLASS and 3D WBS. Retrieved from http://fr.viadeo.com/fr/groups/detaildiscussion/?containerId=00222qza502fce12&forumId=002vcnt773bvjp1&action=messageDetail&messageId=002bi8cej2twlqo

Moine, Jean-Yves. (2013) PM World Journal: 3D Work Breakdown Structure method. Retrieved from http://pmworldjournal.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/pmwj9-apr2013-Moine-3D-Work-Breakdown-Structure-FeaturedPaper.pdf

Ali, Naseer. (2013), Fundamental of Small Project Management.

Humphreys, Gary C. (2002), Project Management Using Earned Value. 2nd ed., USA: Humphreys & Associates, Inc.

Sullivan, WG., Wicks, EM., Koelling, CP. (2012). Engineering Economy Fifteenth Edition P86-89.

Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/


Filed under A Fahmi S, Week 07

4 responses to “W7_AFS_ Managing Small Project: NORSOK Standard Z-014 3D WBS

  1. EXCELLENT Pak Fahmi…….. Nicely done!!!

    I am going to be very curious if you find the Norsok WBS works better for a Water Treatment Plant, but as noted in my earlier posting, you will have to experiment to see.

    Dr. PDG, Singapore’s Changi Airport

  2. Pingback: W8_AFS_ Managing Small Project: Work Breakdown Structure Selection | Simatupang AACE 2014

  3. Pingback: W17_GW_ NORSOK Standard Z-014 3D WBS on Pipeline Installation | Kristal AACE 2014

  4. Pingback: W3_HMIP_Improving Poor WBS using 3D WBS, CWBS, SWBS and WBS Dictionary | GARUDA AACE 2015

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s