Simatupang team had conducted face to face session for five days as first stage to achieve the mission that is get one or more AACE certification and return on training investment. Knowing the position of the team will help the team understand of where they stand, what kind of leadership is appropriate and also to make individual adjustment in order to make highest possible contribution to the team .
DEVELOPMENT OF FEASIBLE ALTERNATIVES
To make the team effective each team member must be understand for each stages of journey, Dr Bruce Tuckman published his Forming Storming Norming Performing model in 1975.
There are 4 stages model for Tuckman which same meaning in leadership styles (based on Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory):
- Forming : Telling/directing (S1)
- Storming : Selling/coaching (S2
- Norming : Participating/supporting(S3)
- Performing : Delegating (S4)
Figure 1 : Team Stages
DEVELOPMENT OF OUTCOMES FOR EACH ALTERNATIVE
Refer to the above Tuckman’s model, the alternative leadership for each stage are as follow:
- Stage 1 – Forming: Telling/directing (S1)
- High dependence for leader guidance and direction
- Individual roles and responsible are unclear
- Leader must prepared to answer a lot of question from team
- Stage2 – Storming : : Selling/coaching (S2
- Decision don’t come easily in group
- Team need to focus on its goal to avoid by emotional issue
- Stage3 – Norming : Participating/supporting(S3)
- Agreement and consensus is largely forms among team
- Roles and responsibility are cleared and accepted
- Stage4 – Performing: Delegating (S4)
- The team is more strategically aware
- The team has shared vision and able to stand on its own feet
- There is a focus on achieving goals
SELECTION OF CRITERIA
Based on the questioner survey by using a Donald Clark’s survey tool, The summary result of the survey assessment from 11 members of class using PERT P90 is as follow:; the data was computed by using PERT calculation number to get a single value from a group of data that represent four stages:
Personal Test Result :
Figure 2 : Test Result
The highest value result is performing stage.
ANALYSIS FOR THE ALTERNATIVES
Stages of the team is performing but variance of norming stage and forming stage is so closed, it’s means that our team is likely on performing stage. performing stage is characterized of high participation of the members because they are already know their tasks and responsibilities, but the manager cannot sit back and relax on this stage. The manager now can focus more on the work as the people related activity is at maintenance mode with ongoing performance and motivation.
For storming condition, the manager needs to assert their role and help draw out and resolve differences that might happen. Storming can also be reduces by clarifying work goals and individual role and objectives.
SELECTION ON THE PREFERRED ALTERNATIVES
The Tuckman test result indicates that Simatupang is high-performing teams are able to function as a unit as they find ways to get the job done smoothly and effectively without inappropriate conflict or the need for external supervision. The Program Manager and Project Manager should bring team members work together on common tasks and establish roles among team members. Supervisors of the team during this phase are almost always participative. The team members are now competence and able to handle the entire problem and can reach our team goal and purpose.
PERFORMANCE MONITORING AND POST EVALUATION RESULT
The progress whether they are moving through performing stage should be measured overtime. Each of team members should do an assessment at the different period of time for comparing how far the progress we have made as a team and what leadership style need to be applied as we move through performing stage.
Tuckman, B. (1965). Bruce Tuckman forming storming norming performing team development model. Retrieved from Web site: http://www.businessballs.com/tuckmanformingstormingnormingperforming.htm, web.
Tuckman, B. Bruce Tuckman stage of group development. Retrieved from : http://en.wikpedia.org/wiki/Tuckman’s_stages_of_group_development
Hersey. Blanchard situational theory. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hersey%E2%80%93Blanchard_situational_theory
Donald Clark (April 21, 2002), http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leader.html, section on training leadership and performance.
Situational leadership, retrieved from: http://www.1000ventures.com/business_guide/crosscuttings/leadership_situational.html, web. 21 January 2013
Afriandi EP. W1_AEP_Tuckman Analysis Assignment. Retrieved from Web site: https://simatupangaace2014.wordpress.com/2013/09/02/w1_aep_tuckman-analysis-assignment/