W1_HPO_Tuckman Analysis Assignment


Pushing a team or a group to be a good and productive team is always a challenge. I and my friends just finished an opening face-to-face session of a part of AACE course where we had to form a team in purpose of finishing some projects. And now, we should make an assessment of our team development progress.

Where are we?

In order to assess our team development, we are suggested by our professor, Dr. Paul D. Giammalvo, to use 32 questionnaires from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/teamsuv.html. The result of the assessment from my point of view is the summary below.

Forming           : 31

Storming         : 26

Norming          : 24

Performing      : 25

The scores show that the group development stage we are now is still in forming stage. According to Tuckman’s model (Figure 1), forming stage is characterized of less participation of the members because they are still keeping their politeness and anxiety. The barriers of among members are there and they need more acquaintance to get along though we had the clear objectives. This is a problem to be managed to moving forward the group to the next stage otherwise we will not have a good and productive team.

aace-tuckman

Figure 1. Tuckman Model of Group Development Stages

Adopted from http://www.businessballs.com/tuckmanformingstormingnormingperforming.htm

The Management/Leadership Style Choices

Now after we know our stage the questions arisen are: What should we do now to manage the group problems? What kind of leadership we need to implement appropriately?

There are many theories of leadership models according to Scouller (2011), because he criticized four older models and suggested his Three Levels of Leadership model based on leadership presence. For answering this problem, I am going to use three major leadership styles theories including Blanchard & Hershey’s Lifecycle Theory of Leadership/Situational Leadership theory, Kurt Lewin’s Management Style theory, and Tannebaum & Schmidt’s Continuum of Leadership Behaviors theory based on situational/contingency theory according to Scouller’s (2011) classification.

Blanchard & Hershey (1969) proposed about the way a leader should do in the stage of a team development. It’s like mirroring the situation in stages in Tuckman’s model. In forming stage, a leader should tell or direct to the members.

aace-hershey

Figure 2. Blanchard & Hershey Situational Leadership Theory Model

Adopted from http://www.businessballs.com/tuckmanformingstormingnormingperforming.htm

Lewin & White (1939) suggested the models based on the control between the management and employee. Situationally, the forming stage is where the control of the members is low. The autocratic style is very adaptive in the forming stage.

aace-lewin

Figure 3. Kurt Lewin Management Style Theory Model

Adopted from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadstl.html

Tannenbaum & Schmidt (1973) researched the management’s way in decision making. In forming stage, a manager or a leader should decide more than members do.

aace-tannenbaum

Figure 4 Tannenbaum & Schmidt’s Continuum of Leadership Behaviors Model

Adopted from http://faculty.css.edu/dswenson/web/LEAD/continuum.html

Conclusion

In conclusion, in order to solve the team problems in the forming stage and move forward to the next stage, the leader should have more tells/directions (Situational Leadership), more control in autocratic style (Management Style), and more decisions made (Continuum of Leadership Behaviors). After the next stage attained, the leader should lose some of its power and control to the members.

References:

http://www.businessballs.com/tuckmanformingstormingnormingperforming.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Lewin

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management_styles

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Situational_leadership_theory

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_levels_of_leadership_model

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuckman’s_stages_of_group_development

http://faculty.css.edu/dswenson/web/LEAD/continuum.html

http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadstl.html

http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/teamsuv.html

Hersey, P. and Blanchard, K. H. (1969). Life cycle theory of leadership. Training and Development Journal, 23 (5), 26–34.

Hersey, P. and Blanchard, K. H. (1977). Management of Organizational Behavior 3rd Edition: Utilizing Human Resources. New Jersey/Prentice Hall

Lewin, K., LIippit, R. and White, R. K. (1939). Patterns of aggressive behavior in experimentally created social climates. Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 271-301

Scouller, J. (2011). The Three Levels of Leadership: How to Develop Your Leadership Presence, Knowhow and Skill. Cirencester: Management Books 2000.ISBN 9781852526818

Tannenbaum, R., Schmidt, W (1973). How to choose a leadership pattern. Harvard Business Review, May/June 1973

Tuckman, Bruce (1965). “Developmental sequence in small groups”Psychological Bulletin 63 (6): 384–99. doi:10.1037/h0022100PMID 14314073. Retrieved 2008-11-10. “Reprinted with permission in Group Facilitation, Spring 2001”

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2 Comments

Filed under Hadianto P, Week 01

2 responses to “W1_HPO_Tuckman Analysis Assignment

  1. Hi Team Simatupang14, As I am UNABLE to access WordPress from China, I have to respond via email.

    While overall, you are doing a good job on your analysis, you are NOT following my step by step template as shown on page 7 of your Engineering Economy………

    It is VERY IMPORTANT that you master how to use this structured approach to problem solving as that is the template you will need to use for your ESSAY QUESTION.

    So I am REJECTING what you have posted that does NOT follow this 7 Step Process and I need EVERYONE to go back and redo your posting EXACTLY per the template I have attached here….. 1) HEADING 1- PROBLEM STATEMENT 2) HEADING 2- FEASIBLE ALTERNATIVES 3) HEADING 3- CALCULATIONS 4) HEADING 4- SETTING MINIMUM CRITERIA 5) HEADING 5- COMPARISON OF THE ALTERNATIVES AGAINST THE CRITERIA 6) HEADING 6- SELECTION OF THE BEST ALTERNATIVE COMPARED AGAINST THE CRITERIA 7) HEADING 7- FOLLOW UP ASSESSMENT

    I promise you that if you follow my instructions and learn to master this process, come time for the exam, it will HELP you pass the difficult ESSAY QUESTION……..

    My best advice is to NOT REINVENT THE WHEEL!!! Go back to Mercure Team http://mercureaace2013.wordpress.com/ and look at their W1 postings which earned 4 or 5 stars……….. IF you invest a few minutes time to see what other SUCCESSFUL classes have done, it will make your jobs a LOT easier……..

    BR, Dr. PDG, Shanghai, China

  2. Bapaks, Just share the steps as DR. Paul mention below… That as our conversation via whatsapp 🙂

    I’ll try to posting mine tomorrow as simatupang last data. Keep work smart not work hard…

    Regards, -maya-

    ________________________________ Dari: Dr. Paul D. Giammalvo Kepada: Simatupang AACE 2014 Cc: “simatupangaace2014@yahoogroups.com” Dikirim: Senin, 2 September 2013 12:57 Judul: [simatupangaace2014] Re: [New post] W1_HPO_Tuckman Analysis Assignment

      Hi Team Simatupang14, As I am UNABLE to access WordPress from China, I have to respond via email.   While overall, you are doing a good job on your analysis, you are NOT following my step by step template as shown on page 7 of your Engineering Economy………   It is VERY IMPORTANT that you master how to use this structured approach to problem solving as that is the template you will need to use for your ESSAY QUESTION.   So I am REJECTING what you have posted that does NOT follow this 7 Step Process and I need EVERYONE to go back and redo your posting EXACTLY per the template I have attached here….. 1) HEADING 1- PROBLEM STATEMENT 2) HEADING 2- FEASIBLE ALTERNATIVES 3) HEADING 3- CALCULATIONS 4) HEADING 4- SETTING MINIMUM CRITERIA 5) HEADING 5- COMPARISON OF THE ALTERNATIVES AGAINST THE CRITERIA 6) HEADING 6- SELECTION OF THE BEST ALTERNATIVE COMPARED AGAINST THE CRITERIA 7) HEADING 7- FOLLOW UP ASSESSMENT   I promise you that if you follow my instructions and learn to master this process, come time for the exam, it will HELP you pass the difficult ESSAY QUESTION……..   My best advice is to NOT REINVENT THE WHEEL!!!  Go back to Mercure Team http://mercureaace2013.wordpress.com/ and look at their W1 postings which earned 4 or 5 stars………..  IF you invest a few minutes time to see what other SUCCESSFUL classes have done, it will make your jobs a LOT easier……..   BR, Dr. PDG, Shanghai, China

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