Problem Recognition, Definition, and Evaluation
The new team for AACE class has already completed its 5 days intensive class and formed the team named Simatupang AACE 2014 last Friday. In regards to prepare the team for long distance class which is has so many tasks that have to be completed, We are doing Donald Clark’s survey
to know what the stage of the team is on Tuckman Models. By knowing the stage of the team will help all members understand of where they are stand and what type of interventions that the leader should make to achieve all the tasks that have given by the mentor.
Development of The Feasible Alternatives
This assessment are using Tuckman Models that was published to Public on 1965 which has divided stages of group development into 4 models that is Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing. Tuckman maintained that these phases are necessary in order for a team to grow, as they face challenges, find solutions and plan work in order to deliver exceptional results.
Figure 1. Tuckman’s Models
Development of The Outcomes For Each Alternative
The tuckman’s model can be summarize as below
- Forming – team members are introduced
- Storming – the team transitions from “as is”to “to be”
- Norming – the team reaches consensus on the “to be”process
- Performing – the team has settled its relationships and expectations
Adjourning – the team shares the improved processes with other
One of the most common issues teams face, is that team members want to move to the Performing stage without first going through the first three stages. The Forming stage is simple enough. The Storming stage, however, is where the complexities of human behavior mostly present themselves and, many times is the cause of the team’s failure. Performing seems easy once the storming process is complete and successful.
Selection of Criteria
Characteristic and Type of interventions of each stage are briefed as follows:
Figure 2. Characteristic of Each Tuckman’s Models
Figure 3. Type of interventions that a leader should make on Each Tuckman’s Models
Analysis and Comparison of The Alternatives
Donald Clark’s Survey has distributed to all the team members and the outcome of the survey is shown in the table below:
Figure 4. Survey Result
By using PERT analysis, we get a single value of each models as follows:
Figure 5. PERT Analysis
Donald Clark’s Survey result is showing that the team is currently on the performing stage. However, if we are looking more detail into characteristic of each stage as mention above, The Forming stage is more likely match with the team condition currently. The Survey result may come over optimistic due to the team has just completed intensive 5 days training which the team makes fast progress towards it’s goals and set up the process that usually happens in performing stage. If the team can maintain this good progress during the long distance learning, the performing stage will be really happens in the near future.
Selection of The Preferred Alternatives
Based on above analysis, The teams initially go trough the forming stage in which team members first come together. Behavior is driven by a desire to be accepted by the others, which avoids controversy or conflict. Serious issues and feelings are avoided, and people focus on more routine work (team organization, who does what, when to meet). Team members are also gathering information and impressions about each other, about the scope of the task and how to approach it. Roles at this stage are usually unclear except for the role of the team leader. As such, team members tend to behave quite independently. They may be motivated but are usually relatively uninformed of the issues and objectives and tend to focus on themselves rather than the team’s goals.
Performance Monitoring and Post-Evaluation of Results
Knowing that the team is currently on the Forming Stage then the leadership style has to be directing. The Team Leader has to set the Objectives of the team clearly, focus into individual task, Keep to tell and push each team member to achieve the target, and the most important is to provide links between team member.
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